surprise me, at all, that there is widespread fraud in “scientific” literature. There is a ton riding on this. One gets tenure because of peer-reviewed publications. One advances at the university because of this. This establishes you as an expert, and may well directly lead to television appearances. There is just a lot of benefit to being published. If you don’t have tenure, it means that you get to keep your job and pay your mortgage next month. You also get to have food in your home.
So there is great potential payoff/reward for doing this and very little risk. No wonder fraud is so prevalent. Recently, several very famous and oft-taught in undergrad psychology courses studies were found to be fraudulent. The Stanford Prison Experiment, also. Even the Milgram experiments. All appear to be frauds. You know, the bedrock of modern psychology.
The problem is that it leaves one to wonder what to believe. Very clearly, you can’t believe everything you learned in Psych 101. And then you have to wonder what else is incorrect?