Second Amendment: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
It seems quite clear to me. The founding fathers understood well that a well-regulated militia (an army) was necessary for the survival of this new country. And without it, there would BE no free state (country). It would quickly be captured by others.
Yet the most common route to a coup was for a leader to “capture” that army and turn it into a tool of terror for these leaders. It was and still is pretty common.
SO, because we needed an army, it had to be counter-balanced. Therefore, the right of the people to keep AND bear arms should never be infringed. Checks and balances!
This was first and foremost a hedge against government power. And that is no surprise given what the Founding Fathers had just gone through. It was never about hunting or hobbies. It was always a defense against a despotic leader who captures the army.